There are two codes which will cause a special annotation string
to be used instead of what is typed.

**(0)** Digit placeholder. Display a digit or a zero. If the
expression has a digit in the position where the 0 appears in the
format string, display it; otherwise, display a zero in that
position. If the number has fewer digits than there are zeros (on
either side of the decimal) in the format expression, display
leading or trailing zeros. If the number has more digits to the
right of the decimal separator than there are zeros to the right of
the decimal separator in the format expression, round the number to
as many decimal places as there are zeros. If the number has more
digits to the left of the decimal separator than there are zeros to
the left of the decimal separator in the format expression, display
the extra digits without modification.

**(#)** Digit placeholder. Display a digit or nothing. If the
expression has a digit in the position where the # appears in the
format string, display it; otherwise, display nothing in that
position. This symbol works like the 0 digit placeholder, except
that leading and trailing zeros aren't displayed if the number has
the same or fewer digits than there are # characters on either side
of the decimal separator in the format expression.

**(.)** Decimal placeholder. In some locales, a comma is used as
the decimal separator. The decimal placeholder determines how many
digits are displayed to the left and right of the decimal
separator. If the format expression contains only number signs to
the left of this symbol, numbers smaller than 1 begin with a
decimal separator. To display a leading zero displayed with
fractional numbers, use 0 as the first digit placeholder to the
left of the decimal separator. The actual character used as a
decimal placeholder in the formatted output depends on the Number
Format recognized by your system.

**(%)** Percentage placeholder. The expression is multiplied by
100. The percent character (%) is inserted in the position where it
appears in the format string.

**(,)** Thousand separator. In some locales, a period is used as
a thousand separator. The thousand separator separates thousands
from hundreds within a number that has four or more places to the
left of the decimal separator. Standard use of the thousand
separator is specified if the format contains a thousand separator
surrounded by digit placeholders (0 or #). Two adjacent thousand
separators or a thousand separator immediately to the left of the
decimal separator (whether or not a decimal is specified) means
"scale the number by dividing it by 1000, rounding as needed." For
example, you can use the format string "##0,," to represent 100
million as 100. Numbers smaller than 1 million are displayed as 0.
Two adjacent thousand separators in any position other than
immediately to the left of the decimal separator are treated simply
as specifying the use of a thousand separator. The actual character
used as the thousand separator in the formatted output depends on
the Number Format recognized by your system.

**(:)** Time separator. In some locales, other characters may be
used to represent the time separator. The time separator separates
hours, minutes, and seconds when time values are formatted. The
actual character used as the time separator in formatted output is
determined by your system settings.

**(/)** Date separator. In some locales, other characters may be
used to represent the date separator. The date separator separates
the day, month, and year when date values are formatted. The actual
character used as the date separator in formatted output is
determined by your system settings.

**(E- E+ e- e+)** Scientific format. If the format expression
contains at least one digit placeholder (0 or #) to the right of
E-, E+, e-, or e+, the number is displayed in scientific format and
E or e is inserted between the number and its exponent. The number
of digit placeholders to the right determines the number of digits
in the exponent. Use E- or e- to place a minus sign next to
negative exponents. Use E+ or e+ to place a minus sign next to
negative exponents and a plus sign next to positive exponents.

**- + $ ( )** Display a literal character. To display a
character other than one of those listed, precede it with a
backslash (\) or enclose it in double quotation marks (" ").

**(\)** Display the next character in the format string. To
display a character that has special meaning as a literal
character, precede it with a backslash (\). The backslash itself
isn't displayed. Using a backslash is the same as enclosing the
next character in double quotation marks. To display a backslash,
use two backslashes (\\).Examples of characters that can't be
displayed as literal characters are the date-formatting and
time-formatting characters (a, c, d, h, m, n, p, q, s, t, w, y, /
and :), the numeric-formatting characters (#, 0, %, E, e, comma,
and period), and the string-formatting characters (@, &, <,
>, and !).

**("ABC")** Display the string inside the double quotation marks
(" "). To include a string in format from within code, you must use
Chr(34) to enclose the text (34 is the character code for a
quotation mark (")).